Ubuntu is an OpenSource software that was developed by Canonical in October 2004. It is a very reliable operating system.
Its latest release is Ubuntu 18.10. Basically, it comes with three official editions:
- Ubuntu Desktop – for a personal computer
- Ubuntu Server – for making the servers
- Ubuntu Core for the IoT and Robots.
Some key features of Ubuntu are given below:
- Ubuntu is basically an OpenSource and Linux distribution that is based on Debian. It is one of the most popular cloud operating systems
- Ubuntu means ‘humanity to others’ and this efficient software is built keeping this in all its layers of a build.
- Ubuntu supports business, education and personal home use.
- Ubuntu is based on Debian OS. Holding an approximate of 20 million users in its belt.
Ubuntu packages are mainly created in the Debian format and this package actually draws the basic architectural framework of Ubuntu in accordance with the continuous improvement on the same
Ubuntu server has large and extensive community support for the cloud deployments and also toward its end users and thus it is superior to CentOS from the support perspective
In the case of Ubuntu, due to larger community support, it has a good amount of tutorials and books available in the market and thus it has the upper hand than that of CentOS from the learning perspective
In the case of Ubuntu, the security patches also do perform well but sometimes due to frequent updates, it is more prone to web threats. Also sometimes it needs to downgraded to lower versions due to the presence of recent buggy updates
Ubuntu focuses on Desktop users elaborating its user-friendly looks and access
Foundation of the System
Ubuntu is built with Debian as its foundation, all properties and features are referred from this existing professional OS Debian.
.deb referring to Debian
There is extensive software available for Ubuntu.
Integration with Docker
provides integration of Docker
Ubuntu is fairly simplified and provides extensive support for its OS.
General openSource Security features and addon 3rd Party Security.
Ease of use
Ubuntu is easy to use for beginners.
Ubuntu has a big community that readily supports its users.
Ubuntu Server will be a lot easier with prior exposure to Ubuntu Desktop.
- High customization
- Community-based OS
- Debian Based
- Higher performance than SUSE
- DPKG, Deb, Apt-get, Click Packs, Snaps
- Virus unfriendly environment
Pros & Cons
- It is open-sourced and free of charge
- It provides lots of pre-installed software to the end-users for better customer experience.
- It provides driver allocation and user-specific storage management features to the end-users.
- It also provides external storage, USB ports, and the external drive supports
- It has large community support and extends tutorials from the user’s learning perspective
- It is little bit perceptive to the hardware faults and this sometimes makes it bit unstable
- Hardware support is also not to a very large extent and that sometimes creates doubts on end user’s minds
- In the case of Ubuntu, the security patches also do perform well but sometimes due to frequent updates, it is more prone to web threats.
- It normally doesn’t come installed in new age PCs and one needs to install it separately
Linux Mint is based on Ubuntu which is also based on Debian.
It builds on the Ubuntu distro providing a modern, elegant and powerful distro that is also easy to use.
Linux Mint can be accurately described as a Beginner-friendly or newbie distro. Linux Mint is set up to allow new users of the distro to easily adjust to the way and processes of Linux with a pre-configured system.
Linux Mint was initially available with either the Cinnamon or the MATE desktop environments.
Current alternatives include XFCE and the KDE Plasma desktop environments. These desktops environments have been integrated into the Linux Mint distros so you can expect a very seamless experience.
Linux Mint uses Ubuntu’s APT-based package distribution using Personal Package Archives.Linux Mint is based on Ubuntu and then Debian, which is the largest upstream Linux distro with stable, testing and unstable branches.
Mint also enjoys very good community support as users can easily refer to the Ubuntu community.
- RedHat has few advantages compared to the Fedora like technological advancement features and frequent releases which will be considered by most users to choose as the default Linux distribution.
- RedHat is preferable in terms of maintenance and security updates among other Linux distributions.
- Initial releases of RHEL were open-source whereas in future Red hat joined hands with fedora organization and maintained two different versions of Linux red hat OS systems.
- One is RHEL which stays stable with lesser version releases and another one is FEDORA with more frequent version releases.
- The common utilities of an RHEL are firefox, CUPS, MYSQL, OpenOffice, Python, etc.
- Redhat introduced a graphical installer called Anaconda.
Red hat targets the Server platform as the foremost.
Foundation of the System
Redhat doesn’t follow on any sources and it is an independently built proprietary OS system developed by the RedHat Foundation.
.rpm referring to Redhat Package manager in Redhat.
Red hat is concerned tiny repositories and limited software support makes it less personalized.
Red hat releases rapid security updates and holds a built-in recovery solution by installing the concept of clustering.
Integration for Docker and Redhat additionally certifies Docker applications.
Ease for beginners
Redhat is difficult for beginners’ usage since it is more of a CLI based system.
Redhat opts for stability and performance of the system over support factors. To maintain this it ships with older packages into the market which ensures a lot for its solidity and stability. but to stay on a fact the period of support for red hat stays over a long time as up to 10 years mark.
Fedora is an open-source operating system created over the Linux OS kernel structure and created by a group of developers and contributors under the Fedora Project. Fedora is free to use, customize moreover distribute. The operating system is combined with packaged software and applications to give enhanced abilities and functions.
Fedora being open-sourced and freeware it has some features which are proprietary. It is not being chosen by most of the users in their computing machines to reduce project costs from the commercial point of view whereas in the case of CentOS. It has few advantages compared to Fedora like technological advancement features and frequent releases which will be considered by most users to choose it as the Linux distribution.
CentOS is more preferable in terms of maintenance and security feature updates in the usage of Linux distribution.
Open Source License
It is free and has few features under a proprietary license
It was developed by the Fedora project with sponsorship from RedHat
Based on the RHEL Framework/Environment
It supports package managers such as PackageKit (GUI), RPM (package format) RPM Package Manager, YUM, FlatPak and DNF (Command Line)
It focuses more on quick releases every six months
It is community-driven and focuses and features and technological enhancements.
CentOS is being used across most of the computing machines in the industry is it an open-source and freeware licensing version. It has many advanced features in it to provide great features for the users and hence it has been the choice of most users. Moreover, it is binary compatible and supports most of the RHEL features out of the box. Depending on the usage or application, the distribution can be chosen, for example, CentOS can be used as the server whereas Fedora as Desktop.
CentOS is basically based on the Linux framework and a Linux distribution to implement a free, community-supported computing platform that is compatible with the corresponding upstream source.
CentOS architecture is mainly based on the Red Hat’s source code to implement the core design similar to Red Hat Enterprise Linux and it is available free of charge
It is based on RHEL and community-driven
CentOS is basically based on Linux framework and a Linux distribution to implement a free, community-supported computing platform that is compatible with the corresponding upstream source, Red Hat Linux
It was developed by CentOS project affiliated with Red Hat distribution
It is a community version of Red Hat project and me binary compatible.
CentOS is mainly based on Red Hat Linux and due to the presence of smaller community and lesser available documentation, it is a little bit harder to learn than that of Ubuntu
It was licensed under GPL and other freeware and various open sources
It is free and Open Source
It supports package managers such as PackageKit (GUI) and Yum (Command Line)
It has less focus on frequent releases
In the case of CentOS, it is based on the Linux framework and thus is much secured and goes through 3 layers of security patches. It is also less prone to web security threats
There is a good amount of Community Support for the CentOS and its end users. However, it is on a bit of lower side than that of Ubuntu support
Pros And Cons
- It is based on a Linux framework
- It is very secured and less prone to any cyber threats
- It also provides administrative from the system admin support perspective
- It’s not many users friendly
- From the gaming and entertainment support perspective, it’s less compatible
- It normally doesn’t have that much support from the driver creation and storage management perspective
- From the technical support perspective, it provides lesser than Ubuntu’s support.
Arch is an independent distro that relies on its own build system and repositories. Arch aims to provide a lightweight and flexible Linux distro that tries to keep it simple.
Arch’s best feature is the Arch User Repository (AUR). AUR allows users to share source packages for the Pacman Package manager.
Arch, on the other hand, is a distro that allows users to learn more about GNU/Linux by building from the ground up. Arch is for users who would like to make every choice about what packages are installed or not in order to meet their very specific needs.
The Desktop Environment
Arch does not focus or favor any one particular desktop environment over any other. Support for any Desktop environment is entirely in the hands of the community.
Arch is relatively smaller but becomes quite comparable with the AUR.
Arch has a pretty fantastic wiki page on getting started and sorting out issues you may encounter. The Arch wiki is by far what is regarded as the most thorough and comprehensive wiki available. The forums provide you with details and descriptions of all or most problems you may encounter.
OpenSUSE is an open-source operating system that was developed by the openSUSE project line and it belong to the UNIX-like OS family. Its initial release has happened in October 2005. Its update method is rolling release. Some key features of the OpenSUSE are given below:
- It is an open-source operating system.
- Its kernel type is Monolithic.
- Its belong to GNU
- The standard packet manager is ZYpp.
- The front-end packet manager is YaST and the low-level packet manager is RPM.
- It has an update method of Rolling release.